From Chelsea to Richmond…

Further etchings from London’s Bridges by J. H. Herring, 1884 with recent photographs and a few random notes…

The bridge above, a toll bridge, was opened by Queen Victoria in 1858 and named after her. However, Zoe Craig writes that “its name was soon changed to Chelsea Bridge” suggesting that as it was “narrow and structurally unsound it might have been renamed to avoid any associations with the Queen should it collapse.”

Chelsea Bridge, built in 1937 to replace the first bridge, which had become unsafe

As you may have noticed, not all London’s present Thames bridges are included in this collection as a number of them had not yet been built at the time Herring made his sketches. Tower Bridge, not opened until ten years later on June 30th, 1894 is the most famous of the *missing* bridges.

Albert Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1873 and named after the Prince Consort
Albert Bridge, which has undergone a number of alterations since it was built, now has a weight limit of two tons
Old Battersea Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built of timber in 1771
Battersea Bridge, designed by Sir Joseph Bazalgette and opened in 1890
Old Wandsworth Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1873
ZEEHOND tug coming under Wandsworth Bridge, designed by Sir Peirson Frank, built in 1940. ©Wal Daly-Smith
Old Putney Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1729
Putney Bridge, built in 1886 ©Wal Daly-Smith

The start of the Oxford v. Cambridge Boat Race has traditionally been just upstream from Putney Bridge and ends just before Chiswick Bridge. However, the 2020 race was cancelled due to the Covid pandemic and this year took place on a rather less navigationally challenging course along the river Ouse in Cambridgeshire.
The race has always drawn big crowds and normally takes place each year around Easter time. On one memorable occasion reported in The Times, at the end of March 1912, “Both boats sank owing to the roughness of the water, Cambridge early in the race, off Harrod’s Wharf, while Oxford struggled as far as Chiswick Eyot”, where they emptied their boat and completed the course. However, much of Oxford’s annoyance, the umpire would not allow the result to stand and the race was rowed again two days later. The Oxford crew won by six lengths.

Hammersmith Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1827
Hammersmith Bridge replacing the first, was designed by Sir Joseph Bazalgette and opened in 1887

Waterman and Lighterman Eric Carpenter, who helped me with an earlier article on Herring’s drawings, remarks that “Hammersmith Bridge is quite low, and was a problem for tugs taking barges up to Brentford Dock, if they were late up on a spring tide”. He remembers when commercial traffic still travelled up that way “Many tugs on the Brentford run had open wheelhouses, or wheelhouses that could be dismantled” so were able to cope with the height limitations.

And now there’s a more serious problem at Hammersmith Bridge. At the time of writing all passages under the bridge have been cancelled apart from pre-arranged transits on Sundays, and even these are liable to cancellation should any of the movement alarms be sounding. According to Dorenda and Gordon of Hotel Boat Kailani, this has now been changed so that “boats are able to pass under the bridge on any day, giving at least 72 hours notice”.
There are difficulties too for road traffic. Much to the irritation and inconvenience of local residents, and others usually crossing the Thames there, the bridge has been closed to traffic for two years. A group called HammersmithBridgeSOS is campaigning “for the urgent reinstatement of the crossing”.

Barnes Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1849
Barnes Railway Bridge, opened in 1895
Strand on the Green, now known as Kew Railway Bridge, by J. H. Herring, opened in 1869
Kew railway Bridge, built in 1869. To the right, a glimpse of the famous Bull’s Head Pub
Kew Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1759
The modern Kew Bridge, built 1903
Richmond Railway Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1848
The modern Richmond Railway Bridge opened in 1908. ©Benmeg, 2015
Richmond Bridge, by J. H. Herring, built in 1777
Richmond Bridge, built in 1777 ©Ruth Wadey

Sources and further information
Zoe Craig: article in The Londonist on Chelsea Bridge.
J. H. Herring: London’s Bridges from London to Hampton Court; London, 1884
Hotel Boat Kailani
Port of London Authority: Thames Bridges

With thanks to the following for their help and for lending their photographs:
Benmeg for the Richmond Railway Bridge photo, 2015.
Waterman and Lighterman Eric Carpenter
Wal Daly-Smith, Director of Thames Ranger Marine Service. See his Views From the River
Artist, photographer and BBC Weather Watcher Ruth Wadey